Mammals https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/en/animals/mammals en Zebra de Chapman https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/zebra-de-chapman <span>Chapman&#039;s zebra</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The unmistakeable and outstanding black and white patterns of zebra’s fur varies greatly according to the different geographic species and races that are distributed throughout eastern and southern Africa.</p> <p> </p> <p>The Chapman’s zebra, characterised by its lighter brown lines between the black and white stripes, inhabits the savannahs and open and rather dry plain grasslands of southern Africa.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 10:41</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Equus%20burchelli1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Chapman&#039;s zebra" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Equus burchelli chapmanni</div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, northern South-Africa and south-east Angola.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Least Concern</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Perissodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Equidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">175-320 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">127-140 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">15 - 20 years</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">25-35 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/43"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/43"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Savannah</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">360-396 </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The black and white patterns of zebra’s fur vary greatly according to the different geographic species and races that are distributed throughout eastern and southern Africa.</p> <p> </p> <p>The Chapman’s zebra can be distinguished by its brownish stripes, in a lower contrast with the black ones.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Savannahs, grass plains and shrublands, always near to a source of water.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It basically feeds on grass, but it can also eat leaves and tender sprouts on occasion.  Unlike most African herbivores, who only eat short grass, the zebra also feeds on higher grass, so its herds are the firsts to arrive to areas where seasonal rains have fallen recently.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>During the reproductive period, males fight by kicking and biting each other, in order to dominate a group of females. Gestation lasts for around twelve months and a single calf is born each time, that is able to raise and follow its mother a few minutes after birth.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The spectacular pattern on zebras' coats has a very specific function: to blur their silhouette among the branches, thus disorienting predators –mainly lions and hyenas– trying to kill them on the African savannahs.</p> <p> </p> <p>They are social animals that live in small family groups, but they can gather in large herds during the dry season, when they can travel great distances seeking water and grass, to survive during the arid conditions of their environment. They often form mixed herds with other herbivores such as gnus, impalas or gazelles.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>As in other zebras, Chapman zebra’s population have decreased greatly since not so long ago, mainly due to being hunted for their meat and hide, as well as to the degradation of most of their former habitat.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Equus%20burchelli2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Chapman&#039;s zebra" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Equus%20burchelli3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Chapman&#039;s zebra" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:41:06 +0000 admin 366 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Jaguar https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/jaguar <span>Jaguar</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The jaguar is the largest feline of the American continent, in whose tropical rainforests it lives. It is a great predator that does not spare any kind of prey. It is notably aquatic and it captures, apart from fish, big snakes such as the anaconda.</p> <p> </p> <p>As in many felines, it has been decimated, as a result of the trade of its skin. Its habits are quite nocturnal and solitary, and can move in very wide territories. As in leopards, some individuals are melanistic, completely black.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 10:23</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Panthera%20onca1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Jaguar" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Panthera onca </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-references field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Breeding program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item">ESB</div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>From southern USA and Mexico, through Central and South America, up to northern Argentina.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2017-01/Mapa_PanOnc.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Jaguar" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Near threatened</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Carnivorous</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Felidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">35-120 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">60-80 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">More than 22 years in captivity</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">700-900 g</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Jungle</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/ca/taxonomy/term/186"> <h2><a href="/ca/taxonomy/term/186"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Solitàiria</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/51"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/51"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Carnivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">93-105</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1-4, usually 2</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is the largest feline of the American continent, as it can weight more than 100 kg. Its coat is covered by spots, specially resembling the leopard, albeit bigger, with a general hefty constitution and more robust head, with general behavioural and habitat characteristics closer to the tiger’s.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Although its preferred habitats are dense or swamp rainforests with abundant vegetation, the jaguar can live in a variety of more open forest areas, always near an easily accessible source of water.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is a powerful predator that does not spare any kind of prey, although it prefers mammals such as deer, tapirs, peccaries, capybaras, agoutis and monkeys. It is notably aquatic and it can capture fishes in the riverside or from a low branch. Often, it also captures caimans, big snakes such as the anaconda, birds, turtles and its eggs. On occasion it also eats ripe fruit.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>They are solitary animals and both sexes only get together during oestrus, that can last for fifteen days, during which quick and frequent copulations are produced. Gestation lasts for 93 to 105 days, and one to four cubs are born each time, usually a couple. They are looked after exclusively by the mother, for almost two years.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Its habits are rather nocturnal and it is a solitary animal, except during reproduction. Each individual occupies a territory of 5 to 5002, according to prey availability.  Females can overlap their territories, which are smaller than males’. Jaguars mark their territories with urine, faeces, by scratching trees and with vocalizations.</p> <p> </p> <p>It is an able swimmer and a good climber that nimbly moves on the branches of trees, although it usually captures its preys on the ground.</p> <p> </p> <p>As in leopards, the presence of melanistic individuals is frequent, that is, with completely black fur, especially in the populations living in dense rainforests.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Except for some reduced areas, such as Pantanal, an extensive wet area with little human presence, shared between Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay, the jaguar populations are endangered in all of its distribution area. During the last decades, the territory occupied by the northern races of this species has been reduced in two thirds, while the southern races, in more than one third. The causes of such strong decrease are excessive hunting for its highly valued skin and the destruction of its habitat.</p> <p> </p> <p>The Zoo of Barcelona takes part in the ESB of this species.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Panthera%20onca2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Jaguar" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Panthera%20onca3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Jaguar" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:23:15 +0000 admin 364 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Cérvol del pare David https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/cervol-del-pare-david <span>Pere David&#039;s deer</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This deer, native to China, is adapted to live in swamp areas, as its hooves are large and spreading, which help it walk on mud without sinking its feet into it.</p> <p> </p> <p>It was considered extinct, until missionary Armand David found a small herd in the gardens of the imperial palace of Beijing on 1865. Some specimens were sent to different European zoos, where they bred and, eventually, on 1986 the species was reintroduced to its native country.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 10:02</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Elaphurus%20davidianus1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Pere David&#039;s deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Elaphurus davidianus</div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>China.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_Eladav.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Pere David&#039;s deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Extinct in the wild</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Artiodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Cervidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">160 - 220 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">110-140 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Up to 23 years in captivity</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">11-12 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/57"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/57"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Wetlands</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">283 - 288 </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1, rarely 2</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>This large deer is characterized by its long legs ending in large and spreading hooves, that help it walk on mud without sinking its feet into it, by its long head and snout and by its small eyes and ears. Its tail is considerably long and its antlers, only present in females, can reach up to 80 cm long. Its coat is reddish brown during summer, but it becomes grey at winter.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Flooded plains, swamps and marshlands.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It mainly feeds on grass, but if its availability is low, it completes its diet with aquatic plants.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Its reproduction is like the one of most deer, with harems and fights between males. Gestation lasts for about nine months and generally a single calf is born each time.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is a diurnal species, active during the early morning and at dusk. It has a social behaviour; males and females form separate herds that gather during the mating season. It is a skilled swimmer and likes to spend much time in the water.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The history of the Père David’s deer is quite uncommon: it used to live in the flooded plains of northern China until crops spread along the area and the species completely disappeared in the wild. Western science considered it extinct, until the missionary Armand David found a small herd in the gardens of the imperial palace of Beijing on 1865. Some specimens were then sent to the Woburn park, in England, and after a short time the ones remaining in China died.  From the small group in Woburn, other Père David's deer were sent to different parks and zoos around the world, the Zoo of Barcelona among them, where they started to breed, until 1986, when a small group was finally reintroduced to their natural habitat in China, for the first time after more than 100 years. Since then, more have been freed in different Chinese protected spaces and nowadays there are up to four wild populations, with a total number of 600 animals.</p> <p> </p> <p>This is, therefore, a clear example of the important role of zoos in the conservation of endangered animal species, who, like the Père David's deer, would not exist today if it were not for the task carried out by these institutions.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Elaphurus%20davidianus2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Pere David&#039;s deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Elaphurus%20davidianus3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Pere David&#039;s deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:02:19 +0000 admin 363 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Cérvol axis https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/cervol-axis <span>Spotted deer</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This medium-sized deer has a brown hue with white patches that are present all their life and not only on calves, as in most deer.</p> <p> </p> <p>It inhabits the rainforests and forests of Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Nepal, up to the geographical barrier of the Himalaya, and constitutes one of the main preys of tigers, in a great part of its distribution area.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 09:47</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Axis%20axis1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Spotted deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Axis axis</div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This Asian native species lives in the forest areas of Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Nepal, up to the geographical barrier of the Himalaya. Apart from its natural distribution area, it can also be found in some areas of Europe, New Zealand, Australia, New Guinea, Brazil Uruguay, Argentina and the United States (California, Florida and Hawaii), where it has been introduced by mankind.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_Axiaxi.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Spotted deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Least Concern</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Artiodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Cervidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">50-90 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">70-95 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">More than 20 years in captivity</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">3-4 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Jungle</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">231-235</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1, sometimes 2 </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>This medium-sized deer has a brown hue with white patches that are present all their life and not only on calves, as in most deer. Its underparts are white. The antlers, only present in males, normally have three tips and can reach up to 75 cm long.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Grass or shrub lands within moderately dense rainforests and forests.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Its diet is strictly herbivorous and eats all kinds of grass, leaves, seeds, flowers and fruits. Up to 190 species of plants have been reported to be part of its diet.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Reproduction can take place at any time of the year, although it usually mates between March and July. Gestation lasts for about seven and a half months and each time a single fawn is born, exceptionally two.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It usually lives in small family groups, sometimes mixed with other species like the black antelope or the gaur, and can form quite large groups during the monsoon season. It is diurnal, mainly active during the early morning and at dusk. Its main predators are the tiger and the leopard, although it can also be hunted by Asian wild dogs or great reticulated pythons.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is a common species, abundant in a great part of its distribution area.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Axis%20axis2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Spotted deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Axis%20axis3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Spotted deer" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 08:47:32 +0000 admin 361 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Camell bactrià https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/camell-bactria <span>Bactrian camel</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>It is very similar in appearance to the dromedary, from which can be distinguished by its two humps and its longer and darker fur, that protects it from the cold winters of the Asian plateau it inhabits. It can spend four or five days without drinking water, but when water is available, it is able to drink many litres at once.</p> <p> </p> <p>It lives as a domestic animal in a great part of the desert regions and the steppes of central Asia, while in the wild only small populations remain, in the Mongolian deserts.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 09:34</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Camelus%20bactrianus1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Bactrian camel" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Camelus bactrianus</div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>China and Mongolia</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_CamBac.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Bactrian camel" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Critically endangered</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Artiodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Camelidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">450-500 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">160-180 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">More than 50 years</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">30-34 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/31"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/31"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Desert</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">390 - 430</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1, rarely 2</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is very similar in appearance to the dromedary, from which can be distinguished by its two humps and its longer and darker fur, that protects it from the cold winters of the Asian plateau it inhabits, which maintains a temperature lower than 0 ºC during the winter. In the spring, however, its long fur is substituted by a lighter coat that helps it bear the hot summers, when temperature can exceed 50 ºC. During moulting, these animals have a shabby appearance.</p> <p> </p> <p>In order to protect itself from the strong winds and storms typical from the desert, it has developed long and thick eyelashes, as well as the ability to open and close its nostrils at will, through some special muscles. Its feet end in two toes that present a kind of wide cushions that increase considerably the support surface of its feet, which is an adaptation that enables this animal to walk on sand without sinking into it.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Bactrian camels live in rocky arid areas with limited vegetation and water sources of the Gobi Desert, in Central Asia. At winter, they can be found along the steppe rivers, but they scatter towards the desert when the snow melts in the spring. The temperatures in its habitat vary from -29 ºC during winter and 38 ºC at summer.</p> <p> </p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It feeds on grass, bush leaves, tubers, stems, seeds, fruit and roots, and it can spend days without drinking, thanks to several physiological adaptations and, mainly, due to the fat in its humps, from which it obtains the water it needs.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Bactrian camels are polygamous and dominant males are very aggressive and defend a group of females during the mating season. Both males and females reach sexual maturity when 3 to 5 years old, and reproduce every two years, during the fall. After a gestation period of thirteen months, they give birth to one or two calves, which normally are born from March to April. Calves are able to walk and run shortly after being born and they feed on their mother’s milk for a year and a half.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Its activity is mainly diurnal, living in herds of six to thirty individuals, consisting almost exclusively of females, calves and new-born, while males are more solitary. They can run up to 30 km per hour.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It lives as a domestic animal in several desert and steppe regions of central Asia, where it has been used by mankind for more than 3,500 in countries like Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China. It is praised for its physical endurance, being able to walk more than 40 km per day, while carrying up to 450 kg. Its meat, milk and hide are also highly regarded, as well as its faeces, which, once dry, are used as fuel.</p> <p> </p> <p>Nowadays, a few wild populations remain in small areas of Mongolia and China, although some authors believe that they are merely the remains of former domestic populations that have become feral. As a matter of fact, the situation of the species in the wild is critical, for on the last census of 2004, only 650 individuals were reported in China and less than 400 in Mongolia. And since then, its situation does not seem to have improved much.</p> <p> </p> <p>The causes of this critical situation are the excessive hunting in some spots of its distribution area that usually take place when the animal leaves the natural reserves for its seasonal migrations, the overexploitation of the scarce water sources of the arid habitat where it lives, and the occupation of pastures for domestic cattle.</p> <p> </p> <p>According to some taxonomical classification, such as the one used by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources), the scientific name of the feral form of the camel is <em>Camelus ferus</em>, while <em>Camelus bactrianus</em> should only be used to refer to the domestic form.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Camelus%20bactrianus2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Bactrian camel" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 08:34:15 +0000 admin 360 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Impala de cara negra https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/impala-de-cara-negra <span>Black-faced impala</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 09:27</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Aepyceros%20melampus1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Black-faced impala" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Aepyceros melampus petersi</div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_Aepmel.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Impala de cara negra" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Vulnerable</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Artiodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Bovidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">45-70 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">90-100 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">More than 15 years</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">4-6 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/43"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/43"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Savannah</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">195-210</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Aepyceros%20melampus2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Black-faced impala" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Aepyceros%20melampus3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Black-faced impala" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Aepyceros%20melampus4.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Black-faced impala" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Aepyceros%20melampus5.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Black-faced impala" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 08:27:20 +0000 admin 358 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Búfal nan https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/bufal-nan <span>Forest buffalo</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>It is the African buffalo subspecies, adapted to the life in the African rainforests. It is a small animal, compared to its large parent of the savannah, which can be also distinguished by its red coat.</p> <p> </p> <p>It lives in small herds of less than 20 members, which usually consist of a single adult male, females and their offspring. As in the buffalo of the savannah, solitary animals are common, as well as groups of young males only.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 09:02</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Syncerus%20cafer1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Forest buffalo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Syncerus caffer nanus</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-references field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Breeding program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item">ESB</div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Plain rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, southern Cameroon, southern Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and the Sao Tomé and Príncipe Islands. Small isolated populations in central and western Angola.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_Syncaf.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Forest buffalo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Least Concern</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Artiodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Bovidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">250-320 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">100-130 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Up to 20 years</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">15-20 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Jungle</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">330-350</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is the smallest and lighter of the African buffaloes, as an adaptation to life in the jungle, which requires a small and compact body to penetrate into the vegetation. Its fur is longer, with a reddish brown colour than the buffalo of the savannah, although older African forest buffaloes sometimes have dark brown fur. Its horns are smaller than the ones of their savannah counterparts, and they are curved more upwards.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It inhabits the plain rainforests of central Africa, preferably dwelling near clearings and water sources.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It feeds on grass, tender sprouts, canes, aquatic plants and leaves.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Gestation lasts for almost one year and they do not reproduce seasonally, but any time of the year. During their first weeks of life, calves remain away from the group with their mothers, who are especially aggressive before any possible danger.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Unlike its savannah counterpart, who can form large herds of hundreds of individuals, the African forest buffalo tends to live in small family groups of four or five members, while the bigger herds that sometimes gather under certain circumstances, rarely exceed twenty animals. Due to its size and aggressive behaviour, it has few predators so, apart from humans, only lions and crocodiles can be a threat for this animal.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Despite being still common in some regions, especially in parks, reserves and other protected areas, during the last decades, the populations have decreased considerably, due to the deforestation of their rainforests, excessive hunting, outbreak of infections such as anthrax, rinderpest or bovine tuberculosis passed by domestic cattle, or the extension of mining and oil exploitations within its habitat. In fact, it is extinct in countries like Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo or Benin.</p> <p> </p> <p>Some scholars consider the African forest buffalo to be a different species, <em>Syncerus nanus</em>, and not merely a subspecies of the African buffalo <em>Syncerus caffer</em>.</p> <p> </p> <p>The Zoo of Barcelona takes part in the ESB of this subspecies.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Syncerus%20cafer2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Forest buffalo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Syncerus%20cafer3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Forest buffalo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Syncerus%20cafer4.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Forest buffalo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Syncerus%20cafer5.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Forest buffalo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 08:02:24 +0000 admin 357 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Bongo oriental https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/bongo-oriental <span>Eastern bongo</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The bongo is a large antelope that lives in plain and montane rainforests of central and western Africa. The eastern subspecies only lives in Kenya. Its habits are crepuscular and nocturnal and it can often be found near water, as it is a skilled swimmer.</p> <p> </p> <p>It lives in couples or small family groups and, despite its considerable size, it easily goes undetected in the wild thanks to its colour, apparently eye-catching, but which really allows this species to perfectly camouflage in the forest.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 08:49</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Tragelaphus%20euryceros1.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Eastern bongo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-references field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Breeding program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item">EEP</div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Central Kenya.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_Traeur.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Eastern bongo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Critically endangered</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Artiodactyla</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Bovidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">240-405 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">122-130 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">More than 20 years</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">15-20 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/56"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Jungle</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/59"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/59"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Solitary</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">275-285 </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The bongo is the largest rainforest antelope. Males can reach up to 1.30 m high, 2.5 m long and weight more than 400 kg. It is also the most colourful antelope, with a reddish-brown coat with twelve to fourteen vertical white stripes, and also white-striped dorsal crest and a series of light patches on the face, chest and legs. Its horns, spiral and lyre-shaped, are present in both sexes and can reach one metre long. This eye-catching colour actually helps them camouflage perfectly among the typical light and dark tonalities of their rainforest.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The eastern bongo lives in dense forests and montane rainforests of central Kenya, with small populations remaining in the Averdare National Park, Mount Kenya and the Mau Forest and Eburu Forest reserves.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is a vegetarian animal that feeds on grass, tree and bush leaves, roots, fallen fruits and even bark from different plants.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Gestation lasts for a little longer than nine months and a single calf is born each time. Females reach sexual maturity when they are two and a half years, while males from three.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Its habits are crepuscular and nocturnal, remaining among dense vegetation during the day. It usually lives in couples or small family groups, although in areas without abundant predators it can form small herds of up to twenty members. Its most important natural predators are leopards, spotted hyenas and great pythons, who can capture young calves.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The main threat for this species is direct hunt by mankind and, especially, the destruction of its natural habitat. In the case of the eastern subspecies, it is also important to take the isolation of the small remaining populations into account for its decline.</p> <p> </p> <p>The Zoo of Barcelona takes part in the EEP of this species.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Tragelaphus%20euryceros2.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Eastern bongo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Tragelaphus%20euryceros3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Eastern bongo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Tragelaphus%20euryceros4.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Eastern bongo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 07:49:44 +0000 admin 355 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Gosset de les praderies cuanegre https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/gosset-de-les-praderies-cuanegre <span>Black-tailed prairie dog</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This small terrestrial rodent, which belongs to the squirrel family, lives on the prairies and other flat open spaces in North America, from southern Canada to northern Mexico.</p> <p> </p> <p>A gregarious animal, it forms large underground colonies that can be constructed by hundreds of thousands of individuals. The gestation period is from 33 to 38 days, with three to five babies born in each litter, although this number can be up to eight at times.</p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 08:32</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/1920x819%20CYNLUD.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Black-tailed prairie dog" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Cynomys ludovicianus</div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>North America, from southern Canada to northern Mexico.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_CynLud.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Black-tailed prairie dog" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Least Concern</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Rodentia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Sciuridae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">700-1600 g</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">35-40 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Up to 9 years in captivity</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">15-20 g</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/43"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/43"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Savannah</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/32"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Gregarious</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">33-38 </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1-8, usually 3-5</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Despite its appearance, the prairie dog is a small terrestrial rodent that belongs to the same family as the squirrel. Five different species are known, the most abundant of which we have at the Barcelona Zoo, the black-tailed prairie dog. Obviously, its main trait is having a tail with a black tip.  </p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It lives on the prairies and other flat and open regions of North America.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>They are herbivores that eat grass and other herbaceous plants that grow on the prairies, although they sporadically complement this diet with small invertebrates such as beetles, worms and locusts. They almost never drink, as they obtain the water they need directly from grasses.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The gestation period is around one month, and there can be between one and eight babies in each litter, normally though between three and five. They are born inside their underground caves, totally blind and hairless, measuring some seven cm and weighing from 10 to 15 grams.  They are nursed by their mothers from 40 to 50 days.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>They are essentially diurnal, although they are most active in the early morning and at dusk.</p> <p> </p> <p>They are very gregarious, forming authentic underground cities that can be comprised of kilometres of corridors that connect the nests of different family clans, the basic unit of these animals. Family clans tend to be made up of one adult male, two to five adult females and a variable number of babies and young, generally from four to six.</p> <p> </p> <p>The family coteries live in underground homes that can measure up to 5 metres deep and more than 30 metres long. They tend to have the entrance raised above the surface in little mounds of earth to prevent possible flooding during rainy season. The entrance to each dwelling in the coterie is located some five to six metres from its neighbours and, along with the surrounding land, represents its territory, which it defends against all other family groups.</p> <p> </p> <p>Their social behaviour is complex and eye-catching. For example, when you see two animals that have left the burrow to feed, they approach each other while moving their tails until their noses touch, the famous prairie dog ‘kiss’, which in reality is a signal of recognition and greeting. However, beware, as if the fellow prairie dog is a stranger, it will be deemed a threat. However, normally communication with the other members of the coterie is done by loud cries emitted from the entry to the nest. The territorial cry, characteristic of each individual and made while sitting back on their rear legs with the snout pointing skyward, causes no reaction among the colony’s members, while the warning cry, even more powerful, makes all animals run for their homes. This cry of danger, which can be repeated up to 40 times per minute, is what led to the unsuitable name of prairie dog.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Prairie dog coteries can have thousands of individuals and, during historic periods, these numbers have skyrocketed into the millions. However, man has always considered this animal a great pest for agriculture and livestock, so that almost 98% of their original distribution has been eliminated by direct hunting, mass poisoning and by destroying their underground coteries. The result is that the only remaining large populations of this animal are found in parks and other protected regions.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/1400x846%20CYNLUD%202.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Black-tailed prairie dog" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/1400x846%20CYNLUD3.jpg" width="1400" height="846" alt="Black-tailed prairie dog" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 07:32:10 +0000 admin 352 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat Porc espí crestat https://www.zoobarcelona.cat/ca/animals/porc-espi-crestat <span>Crested porcupine</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The crested porcupine is quite a large rodent (it can weigh from 10 to 15 kg), whose characteristic feature is having the top of its body covered with strong quills 30-40 cm long.</p> <p> </p> <p>A calm animal, it raises its quills when threatened, hitting the ground with its feet and emitting loud cries. If that weren’t enough, it turns its back and reverses quickly, which can cause serious injuries to aggressors.   </p></div> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Tue, 12/13/2016 - 08:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/1920x819%20HYSCRI.jpg" width="1920" height="819" alt="Crested porcupine" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-title-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Hystrix cristata</div> <div class="field field--name-field-body-2 field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Its area of distribution includes North Africa and a broad central strip ranging from Senegal and west to Somalia, and east to Kenya and Tanzania, as well as Italy and Sicily. Some authors believe the European populations were introduced by the Romans, although fossil remains have been discovered that would seem to prove otherwise.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-image-2 field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/Mapa_HisCris.jpg" width="1600" height="935" alt="Crested porcupine" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Degree of risk</div> <div class="field--item">Least Concern</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-2 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Class</div> <div class="field--item">Mammalia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-3 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Order</div> <div class="field--item">Rodentia</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-4 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Family</div> <div class="field--item">Hystricidae</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">10-30 kg</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-2 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">20-25 cm</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-3 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Up to 28 years in captivity</div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-4 field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">300-400 g</div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-5 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/55"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/55"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Forest</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-6 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Social life</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/59"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/59"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Solitary</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-7 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/33"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Herbivorous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-8 field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><div about="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <h2><a href="/en/taxonomy/term/34"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Viviparous</div> </a></h2> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-5 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Days</div> <div class="field--item">60-70</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-6 field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Baby</div> <div class="field--item">1-2</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Description</div> <div class="field--item"><p>The porcupine is a very large rodent (it can weigh up to 30 kg), characterised by the strong and pointed quills that cover its tail, sides and top of the body. These quills are black and white and are 30-40 cm long. The head is large and robust and the feet have strong claws that make them excellent diggers.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-2 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Habitat</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Very adaptable, it can live on savannahs, sub-desert regions, rocky or shrub covered regions and open woods.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-3 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Feeding</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is a herbivore, which feeds on roots, tubercles, bark, tender shoots and fallen fruit.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-4 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reproduction</div> <div class="field--item"><p>Gestation lasts from two to eight weeks and a single baby is normally born, at times two, with soft and flexible quills that obtain their definitive consistency in only 10 days.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-5 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Conduct</div> <div class="field--item"><p>It is a solitary animal that only forms small family groups. Peaceful and retiring, they are only aggressive when they feel threatened: sticking out their quills, pounding on the ground with their feet and emitting loud cries. And if that weren’t enough, it turns its back and reverses quickly. It can cause serious injuries to aggressors, as the quills can penetrate deeply and also come off the animal very easily.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-text-long-6 field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Status and conservation programs</div> <div class="field--item"><p>European populations are stable and its area of distribution is even expanding into northern Italy. There are not many data on its status in Africa, although it is known that in some spots of its area of African distribution, it is disappearing due to hunting by human beings, where it is consumed for food, as well as being considered an animal that harms crops.</p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/animal/2016-12/1054x592%20HYSCRI.jpg" width="1054" height="592" alt="Porc espí crestat" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-taxonomy-reference-10 field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Reating</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/en/animals/mammals" hreflang="en">Mammals</a></div> </div> Tue, 13 Dec 2016 07:18:48 +0000 admin 350 at https://www.zoobarcelona.cat